Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

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Paying tribute to India’s freedom fighters

Bhupendranath Datta

Kolkata, West Bengal

August 12, 2021


Bhupendranath Datta was the younger brother of Swami Vivekananda. He was a committed patriot, who found his way to Berlin. He was a noted sociologist and anthropologist. Mention is found in his political works of Rishi Aurobindo (an Indian nationalist and philosopher; editor of newspapers like Bande Mataram). During the days of his youth, he had close association with the Jugantar movement. Until his arrest and imprisonment in the year 1907, he was the editor of Jugantar Patrika (mouthpiece of the Revolutionary Party of Bengal).

Bhupendranath Datta was also privy to the Indo-German Conspiracy during the course of his revolutionary career. He joined the Bengal Revolutionary Society. He held close association with Sri Auronbindo and Barindra Ghosh. He was arrested by British police under the charge of sedition and was sentenced to one year's imprisonment in 1907. He joined the Ghadar Party of California, and studied socialism and communism there. During the First World War, he went to Germany and began revolutionary and political activities there. He also became the secretary of the Indian Independence Committee, Berlin, in 1916, and held the charge till 1918.