Digital District Repository Detail | Digital District Repository | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

Digital District Repository Detail

Ramkrishna Roy

Midnapore, West Bengal

August 05, 2022

Ramkrishna Roy(1912-1934 was born in a remote village in the Midnapore district of West Bengal. His father Kenaram Roy was a lawyer in the district court; he was thus admitted to the Midnapore Town School.

Midnapore in the early 1930s was at the height of revolutionary activities vis-à-vis the repressive policy followed by the district administration; the most heinous of which was the police firing on unarmed inmates of the Hijli Jail. All these led to the murder of three successive British district magistrates in 1931-32, a revolutionary feat unmatched in the whole of India.

In Midnapore, Ramkrishna and his friend Anathbandhu Panja joined the Bengal Volunteers. They, with Nirmaljiban Ghosh, Brajakishore Chakraborty, and Mrigendra Kumar Datta), went to Calcutta to acquire revolvers and learn their use. Back in Midnapore, they decided to eliminate Mr. Bernard E J Burge, who boasted of his earlier experience of dealing with Irish revolutionaries back home. On the occasion of a football match on the police ground (2 September 1932), Mr. Burge was shot dead by Anathbandhu and Mrigendranath; while in retaliatory police firing Anathbandhu fell on the spot and Mrigendranath died the next morning.

Ramkrishna and the rest were not directly involved in the case, but they were arrested the next day. In a mockery of trial by the Special Tribunal under the Bengal Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1930, Ramkrishna, Brajokishore, and Nirmaljiban were sentenced to death. On 25 October 1934, Ramkrishna Roy was hanged to death at the Midnapore Central Jail.

Source: Saheed Surya Sen Bhawan, Museum, Calcutta; Shailesh Dey, Agniyug, 1958, in Bengali; Tarashankar Bhattacharyya, Swadhinata Sangrame Medinipur, 1973, in Bengali; Subodhchandra Sengupta, Ed. Samsad Bangali Charitabhidhan, I, 1976, in Bengali; Shubhendu Majumdar, Agniyuger Abhidhan, 2022, in Bengali.