The Indian Peasant Institute was founded on 12th April 1934 in Guntur Andhra Pradesh. The founder, N. G. Ranga hailed from an agricultural background and was sent to study in England by his father despite their poverty. It was by far the most progressive and exceptional step towards educating the peasant population across Andhra Pradesh and aimed to equip them to carry the peasant’s movement forward. In his political career, Ranga was deeply involved with the Kisan Movement. So, he founded the institute to educate and train the peasant population of India on relevant topics via meetings, parliamentary debates etc and international problems, ideologies were discussed to gain insights into world problems and their solutions.
It was a space for peasants and labourers to unite and serve the peasant movement. The students were lectured by some of the most prominent social and political figures in the country. It was mandatory for them to keep up with political matters and discuss them in the classroom. To spread the peasant’s cause to the general public, the institute opted for traditional methods like burrakatha, veera katha, and mono acting. The lectures, speeches, debates that were held in the institute were published by the press.
The students later became prominent in public service and the institute played a vital role in extending support to the various sectors during the national movement, all due to the initiative of N.G. Ranga.
Source: Indian Culture Portal