Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

Unsung Heroes Detail

Unsung Heroes Detail

Neelakanda Brahmachari

Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu

November 21, 2022 to November 21, 2023

Neelakanta Brahmachari was born in 1890 in Tanjore. Influenced by poet Bharati, Neelakanta Brahmachari came to develop a taste for Tamil journalism. In January 1908, he joined Subramania Bharathi. In March 1908, he set out for Tirunelveli district to deliver speeches on Swaraj. He returned to Madras and became the Assistant editor of a Tamil journal called India in May 1908. In 1911, Neelakanta Brahmachari’s disciple Vanchinathan assassinated the district Collector Robert Ashe in the Maniyachi station. Neelakandan was given eight years of rigorous imprisonment for being the first accused in the Ash murder case. In 1914, Germany launched the First World War. Neelakanta Brahmachari escaped from jail, but was unfortunately caught on the third day and sentenced to two more years in prison, he came out in 1919. In 1921, he sought Subramania Bharati’s house. Bharathi was kind enough to provide him with food and shelter for three days. After Bharati’s death in 1921, Neelakanta Brahmachari, along with comrade M. Singhara Velu Chettiar advocated communism. He was arrested for the same and had to spend ten years in prison. His tribulations in prison turned him to the soul–searching. He came out of Rangoon Jail in 1930, lived in Madras for a year writing articles for newspapers, and became an ascetic. He passed away on 4 March 1978.

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