Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

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Kishen Swaroop

South Andaman, Andaman & Nicobar Islands

August 05, 2022

Kishen Swaroop, son of Ram Swaroop, was born on 02 May 1937 at Aberdeen village of Port Blair. He was an active member of the Indian Independence League. His father Ram Swaroop was also an active member of the League, who was arrested in October 1943. Ram Swaroop assisted in raising funds for the League and the same fund was donated to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in December 1943. After departure of Netaji, he was arrested and brutally tortured.

During the Second World War in March 1942, Japanese landed at different spots of the Andaman Islands. They forthwith occupied the entire Andaman Islands. The prominent residents were the key persons to initially constitute the Andaman branch of the Indian Independence League in April 1942 following the path of Rash Behari Bose. The League members worked with the objectives of organizing, strengthening and collecting funds for the League. Further under the Indian Independence League (IIL), different sister branches were formed. Kishen Swaroop joined the Cultural Wing of the Indian Independence League. He took part in the various functions of the Wing. He with others motivated the people through extensive public meetings, cultural shows, patriotic songs and dramas etc. These activities helped in involvement of the islanders of far flung areas in various activities of the League. Meanwhile Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in the Andaman Islands on 29 December 1943. On 30 December at Gymkhana Ground of Port Blair he hoisted the Indian flag for the first time in the history of India’s freedom struggle. Kishen Swaroop and other League members were working enthusiastically in the activities of the Cultural Wing. After his departure, Netaji sent Major General Arcot Doraiswamy Loganadan to Andaman. He arrived on 18 February 1944 in the Andamans as Chief Commissioner of Azad Hind Government of Andaman and Nicobar Islands appointed by Netaji. He was accompanied by his staff consisting of Major Mansoor Ali Alvi, Lieutenant Mohammed Iqbal, Lt. Suba Singh and steno-typist Mr. Srinivasa Shastri. They established the Azad Hind Government to carry out civil administration in the islands. The Indian Independence League (IIL) members both male and female including Kishen Swaroop actively took part in the functioning of the Azad Hind Government. Kishen Swaroop died on 24 January 1974.