Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

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Ram Bhore

South Andaman, Andaman & Nicobar Islands

August 05, 2022

Pandit Ram Bhore, after arriving in the Andaman Islands from Uttar Pradesh, lived at Port Blair. He was an active member of the Indian Independence League.

During the Second World War in March 1942, Japanese landed in different parts of the Andaman Islands. They occupied the entire Andaman Islands. The prominent residents were the key persons to initially constitute the Andaman branch of the Indian Independence League in April 1942 following the path of Rash Behari Bose. Ram Bhore also joined the Indian Independence League and became an active member of the League. They moved from village to village with the objectives of organizing, strengthening, and collecting funds for the League. They also motivated the people through extensive public meetings, cultural shows, patriotic songs, and dramas, etc. These activities helped in uniting the islanders and igniting in them a strong sense of nationalism against British imperialism. Under the Indian Independence League, different sister branches were formed such as Sewa Samiti, Village Committee, Cultural Wing, and Peace Committee. Ram Bhore contributed actively towards the expansion of the League involving a large number of people in villages.

On 29 December 1943 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in the Andaman Islands and left on 31 December. He visited Cellular Jail on 30 December and left Andaman on 31 December 1943. After the departure of Netaji, during the first week of January 1944, a large number of members of the Indian Independence League ( IIL) and the Indian national army ( INA) were arrested. Ram Bhore was also arrested then and incarcerated in the Cellular Jail. He had to undergo barbaric torture in jail.

On 30 January 1944, a list of 44 members of the Indian Independence League was finalized. Accordingly, all the 44 persons were taken out of the jail and massacred at Homfraygunj hillock. Luckily, Ram Bhore and a few others were released on the same day after the massacre.