Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

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Mohammed Memeveetil

South Andaman, Andaman & Nicobar Islands

August 05, 2022

Mohammed Memeveetil was an active member of the Indian Independence League.

During the Second World War in March 1942, the Japanese landed at different parts of the Andaman Islands and forthwith occupied the entire populated and administrative parts of the Andaman Islands. The prominent residents initially constituted the Andaman branch of the Indian Independence League in April 1942 following the path of Rash Behari Bose. Mohammed Memeveetil was among those residents to join the Indian Independence League. After joining, he took an active part in various activities of the League.

The League members worked with the objectives of organizing, strengthening, and collecting funds for the League. They also motivated the people through extensive public meetings, cultural shows, patriotic songs, and dramas, etc. These activities helped in uniting the islanders and igniting in them a strong sense of nationalism against British imperialism. Under the aegis of the Indian Independence League ( IIL), in June 1942 Indian National Army was organized in Andaman. Both the organizations worked together in the Andaman Islands. Under the Indian Independence League, different sister branches were formed. Mohammed Memeveetil took part in various functions of the Indian Independence League.

On the mass arrest of the personnel of the Indian Independence League in the month of November 1943, he was also arrested by the Japanese forces along with other League members and incarcerated in Cellular Jail where he faced continuous trial and torture to confess that he was a British Spy. But he did not accept the false charges labeled on him. Finally, he was released after ten days.