Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

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Unsung Heroes Detail

R. Shanti Krishna

South Andaman, Andaman & Nicobar Islands

August 05, 2022

R. Shanti Krishna, Son of Radha Krishna was born on 29 April 1932. He lived at Aberdeen village of Port Blair of South Andaman.

During the Second World War, Japanese landed on 23 March in 1942 at different places of the Andaman Islands. They forthwith occupied the entire Andaman Islands. In April 1942, the prominent residents initially constituted the Andaman branch of the Indian Independence League following the path of Rash Behari Bose. The League members worked with the objectives of organizing, strengthening and collecting funds for the League. They also motivated the people through extensive public meetings, cultural shows, patriotic songs and dramas etc. These activities helped in uniting the islanders and igniting in them a strong sense of nationalism against British imperialism. Under the aegis of Indian Independence League (IIL), different sister branches were formed. R.Shanti Krishna at his young age voluntarily joined the Cultural Wing of the Indian Independence League. He took part in the various functions of the Wing.

Meanwhile Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in the Andaman Islands on 29 December 1943. On 30 December at Gymkhana Ground of Port Blair he hoisted the Indian flag for the first time in the history of India’s freedom struggle. On 31 December Netaji visited Browning Club, the then Headquarters of the League. R. Shanti Krishna and other League members were actively involved in all preparations for his visit and various functions including the historic flag hoisting ceremony.

After his departure, Netaji sent Major General Arcot Doraiswamy Loganadan to Andaman. He arrived on 18 February 1944 in the Andamans as Chief Commissioner of Azad Hind Government of Andaman and Nicobar Islands appointed by Netaji. He was accompanied by his staff consisting of Major Mansoor Ali Alvi, Lieutenant Mohammed Iqbal, Lt. Suba Singh and steno-typist Mr. Srinivasa Shastri. They established the Azad Hind Government to carry out civil administration in the islands.The members of Indian Independence League (IIL) including R. Shanti Krishna actively assisted the Indian national army (INA) officials in their activities. R. Shanti Krishna after independence joined politics and became a reputed politician in the city at Port Blair.

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