Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

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H. Govind Ram

South Andaman, Andaman & Nicobar Islands

August 05, 2022

H. Govind Ram, son of Het Ram was born on 06 September 1925. He lived in the Babu Line of South Andaman.

During the Second World War in March 1942, the Japanese landed at different spots on the Andaman Islands. They forthwith occupied the entire Andaman Islands. The prominent residents were the key persons to initially constitute the Andaman branch of the Indian Independence League in April 1942 following the path of Rash Behari Bose. In June 1942 the Indian National Army (INA) was also formed in the Andaman joined by the prominent residents of the islands. H. Govind Ram was among them to join the Indian National Army (INA). He took an active part in various activities of the Indian National Army (INA).

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in the Andaman Islands on 29 December 1943. He received a Guard of Honor in the form of a parade by the Indian National Army (INA) members at the Lamba Line airport on his arrival. The next day, on 30 December at Gymkhana Ground of Port Blair he hoisted the Indian flag for the first time in the history of India’s freedom struggle. On this day too, the Indian National Army (INA) members presented Parade in respect of him. Netaji left Andaman on 31 December 1943. H. Govind Ram and other Indian National Army (INA) and IIL members were engrossed in the management of their part during the stay of Netaji.

After his departure, Netaji sent Major General Arcot Doraiswamy Loganadan to Andaman. He arrived on 18 February 1944 in the Andamans as Chief Commissioner of Azad Hind Government of Andaman and Nicobar Islands appointed by Netaji. He was accompanied by his staff consisting of Major Mansoor Ali Alvi, Lieutenant Mohammed Iqbal, Lt. Suba Singh, and steno-typist Mr. Srinivasa Shastri. They established the Azad Hind Government to carry out civil administration in the islands. H. Govind Ram’s enrolment in the Azad Hind Government was in Section 5, under Section Commander V. Siri Krishna.

In September 1944, he was arrested by the Japanese forces along with other Indian National Army (INA) members and incarcerated in Cellular Jail. When he was interned in jail, his father Het Ram was also in the prison facing continuous trial and brutal torture. Due to the sickness of H. Govind Ram, he was released after a fortnight. He died on 25 December 1985.