Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

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Paying tribute to India’s freedom fighters

Jass Kaur

Amritsar, Punjab

August 05, 2022

Jass Kaur was the wife of Natha Singh, the priest of Amritsar's Gurdwara Jhar Sahib (now in Tarn Taran). Jas Kaur was a courageous woman who joined the Ghadar Party and fought for freedom. Police arrested her sons, Bogh Singh and Jassa Singh, for abetting and participating in seditious activities against British rule. She was responsible for the well-being of ghadarites who came to Jhar Sahib Gurdwara for shelter, as well as the planning of the proposed rebellion. Jhar Sahib Gurdwara was a secret meeting place for Ghadar Party members. Soldiers from the 23rd Cavalry and Prem Singh of Sur Singh village gathered here to take part in the planned rebellion. Police raided the Gurdwara, arresting Sucha Singh, Nihal Singh, Bogh Singh, Jassa Singh, Jas Kaur, and other ghadarites. In the Lahore Conspiracy Case, Jassa Singh and Bogh Singh were tried. Bogh Singh was sentenced to Hazaribagh Jail, while Jassa Singh, a child, received a six-month sentence. Jass Kaur was interned in the village.

Group photo of Jhar Sahib Gurdwara members Jas Kaur, sitting second from left
Narang Singh's Haveli, where Jas Kaur was