Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

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Paying tribute to India’s freedom fighters

Narendra Mohan Ghosh Chaudhuri

West Bengal

August 01, 2022

Narendra Mohan Ghosh Chaudhuri (1894-1985), son of Gopalchandra, was born in Noakhali of the undivided Bengal. For a police case, he had to shift from Noakhali Lakshmipur Higher English School to the Barishal Brajamohan High School. Here, he met Ashwininkumar Datta and Satishchandra Mukherjee, and scientist Jagadish Chandra Bose, who changed his life.

He organized a group of like-minded boys (coded Barishal Group in police record) and began with arms theft from a European’s house in 1908. In the 1909-1912 periods, Barishal witnessed a number of dacoities for which he was arrested. But, at the intervention of influential people, he was released on bond to join a minor school as a teacher.

Jumped out of the bail, he slipped into Calcutta in 1913 and got closer to revolutionary Jatindranath Mukhopadhyay. The result was a sharp rise in robberies and political assassination in and around Calcutta. In November 1915, he was arrested again in connection with the Shibpur dacoity case and was transmigrated to Andaman for life; but was brought back with others in 1927.

In the Alipore Central Jail, Mr. H Stephenson, Secretary to the Government of Bengal, told him, ‘Sir Charles Tegart says that you are connected with eighteen political murders and thirty-two dacoities.’ He boldly replied, ‘If this is correct, you hang me 18 times and transport me 32 times. Tegart is a damned liar, who made a false statement in court kissing the Bible about the assault on me when I was arrested.