Digital District Repository Detail | Digital District Repository | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

Digital District Repository Detail

Amarendralal Nandy

Chattagram, Undivided Bengal

August 05, 2022

Amarendralal Nandy(?-1930), son of Rasiklal Nandy of Dengapara Chattagram in undivided Bengal, was a front-ranking member of the Indian Republican Army, a revolutionary force organized by Surya Sen, supreme leader of the Chattagram Upsurge. Nothing is known about his early life and education.

On the fateful day of the upsurge (18 April 1930), Amarendralal along with others was in the troupe led by Naresh Roy for the attack of the European Club. But, when they reached the club at ten o’clock the night as per the schedule; they found the club closed one hour early for the Good Friday services. Frustrated at the miscarriage of their plan, they joined the other cadets.

Four days later on the slopes of the Jalalabad hills, when the revolutionaries were down with fatigue and hunger, a barrage of bullets started coming from the forces down the hill in the dusk. The forces consisted of the Surma Valley Light Horse and Eastern Frontiers’ Rifles; together they constituted 1500 Gorkha soldiers poised against seventy-odd IRA cadets. Amarendralal saw ten to twelve of their cadets of the first line of defense falling to enemies’ bullets. After the war, he went underground and moved in search of food and cover and took shelter in a school. Two days later, he was detected by the police and gunned down.

Source: Saheed Surya Sen Bhawan, Museum, Calcutta; Manoranjan Ghosh, Chattagram Biplab, 1950, in Bengali; Ananta Singh, Agnigarbha Chattagram, 1968, in Bengali; Shubhendu Majumdar, Agniyuger Abhidhan, 2022, in Bengali