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Anathbandhu Panja

Midnapore, West Bengal

August 05, 2022

Anathbandhu Panja(1911-1933), son of Surendranath Panja, was born in Jalabindu village of the Midnapore district. He lived in the Midnapore town for his studies.

Midnapore in the early 1930s was at the height of revolutionary activities vis-à-vis the repressive policy followed by the district administration; the most heinous of which was the police firing on unarmed inmates of the Hijli Jail. All these led to the murder of three successive British district magistrates in 1931-32, a revolutionary feat unmatched in the whole of India. Anathbandhu killed the most oppressive of the three, Mr. Bernard E J Burge.

In Midnapore, Anathbandhu came in contact with the revolutionaries and joined the Bengal Volunteers. His friends (Nirmaljiban Ghosh, Brajakishore Chakraborty, Mrigendranath Datta, and Ramkrishna Roy) went to Calcutta to acquire revolvers and learn their use. Back in Midnapore, they decided to eliminate Mr. Burge, who often boasted of his experience of dealing with Irish revolutionaries back home.

On the occasion of a football match on the police ground on the 2 September 1932, when Mr. Burge got down from his car, he was shot dead by Anathbandhu and Mrigendra; while Anathbandhu fell to retaliatory police firing and while severely injured Mrigendranath breathed his last next morning.

Source: Saheed Surya Sen Bhawan, Museum, Calcutta; Shailesh Dey, Agniyug, 1958, in Bengali; Tarashankar Bhattacharyya, Swadhinata Sangrame Medinipur, 1973, in Bengali; Kalicharan Ghosh, Jagaran O Bisforan, 1380 BS, in Bengali; Subodhchandra Sengupta, Ed. Samsad Bangali Charitabhidhan, I, 1976, in Bengali.