Digital District Repository Detail | Digital District Repository | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

Digital District Repository Detail

Lok Ram Sangwan

Charkhi Dadri, Haryana

September 19, 2023 to September 19, 2024

Lok Ram, the son of Shri Birbal, was born in 1918 in the village of Pantawas Khurd, located in the Charkhi Dadri district. He received his primary education at the government primary school in the village, where he also tended to animals and had a pet puppy. He made a significant choice when he enlisted in the British Army on 20 January 1940.

His journey took a turn when he found himself imprisoned in Singapore Jail on 15 February 1942. On 16 February 1942, General Mohan Singh and Pritam Singh, with Japanese support, gathered Indian prisoners in a park in Singapore. During this gathering, Mohan Singh delivered a speech about the country's independence that deeply resonated with the Indian Army prisoners. Under his leadership, the foundation of the Indian National Army (INA) was established.

However, as time passed, differences arose between Mohan Singh and the Japanese, leading to the disbandment of the INA. Subsequently, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was summoned from Germany. When he arrived, he delivered an impassioned speech about freedom to the Indian soldiers, leaving a profound impact. He coined the slogan, "You give me blood, I will give you freedom," which ed most soldiers to join the INA. After their enlistment, a ceremonial parade was held, and two separate brigades of the Azad Hind Fauj were formed. He joined the Nehru Brigade and he was part of the artillery number 8 battery of the Japanese, which merged with the number 14 battery of the Azad Hind Army.

In October 1945, the British captured him and incarcerated him in civil jails in Sumatra. On 26 December 1945, he was airlifted from Singapore and imprisoned. After about three months, he was transferred from Singapore to Madras by a Navy ship and then to Devlali. On 15 May 1946, he was assigned to Kalyan Camp. On 15 July 1946, he was discharged from Kalyan Camp and allowed to return home.

On 15 August 1985, on the occasion of the centenary of the Indian National Congress (1885-1985), he received another Tamra Patra for his significant contribution to the freedom struggle. In recognition of his active participation in the freedom struggle, he was honored by the Haryana government with a Tamra Patra on 21 October 1997, during the birth centenary celebrations of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.

Lok Ram Sangwan passed away in 2014.

Tamra Patra awarded by Government of Haryana on the occasion of birth centenary of Netaji in 1997.
Copper Plate awarded by Government of Haryana on the occasion of centenary of Indian National Congress in 1985.

Source:  Prakash Sangwan, Contributor for CCRT