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First village to declare itself free from British

Shivamogga (Shimoga), Karnataka

August 14, 2021


As the “Quit India” movement was taking shape in 1942, residents of village Esuru refused to pay land revenue as a natural calamity had caused a drop in agriculture yield. They had strongly resisted the intimidatory tactics adopted by the British and fought bitter battles with the police.

These villagers had barred the British officials from entering Esuru and hoisted the Tricolour from the top of Veerabhadreshwara Temple on September 29, 1942 and declared the village free of British rule.

The British had rushed their police force to reclaim the village. Several freedom fighters from the villagers were martyred as a result.